Download An Introduction to Language (Linguistics in the World) by Kirk Hazen PDF

By Kirk Hazen

An creation to Language bargains an enticing advisor to the character of language, concentrating on how language works – its sounds, phrases, buildings, and words – all investigated via wide-ranging examples from outdated English to modern popular culture.

• Explores the assumption of a systematic method of language, inviting scholars to contemplate what traits of language include daily abilities for us, be they sounds, phrases, words, or conversation
• is helping form our figuring out of what language is, the way it works, and why it truly is either elegantly complicated and necessary to who we are
• contains workouts inside of each one bankruptcy to aid readers discover key recommendations and without delay discover the styles which are a part of all human language
• Examines linguistic edition and alter to demonstrate social nuances and language-in-use, drawing totally on examples from English
• Avoids linguistic jargon, focusing as an alternative on a broader and extra basic method of the examine of language, and making it perfect for these coming to the topic for the 1st time
• Supported by means of extra internet assets – on hand upon booklet at www.wiley.com/go/hazen/introlanguage – together with scholar research aids and testbank and notes for teachers

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Example text

At least three interpretations seem to be possible. A specific construction thus may 1. consist of a mixture of Ga and Gb; 2. be characterized by elements and principles which are neither part of Ga nor of Gb; or 3. reflect grammatical properties of either Ga or of Gb. As I understand it, a unitary system defined as a case of grammatical fusion can only refer to the first option. But the way in which alleged single systems are discussed suggests that they are not necessarily understood as fused grammars consisting of elements from the two or more grammatical target systems, as defined in (1).

Whether this observation represents a serious problem for the idea of bilingual bootstrapping as conceptualized by Gawlitzek-Maiwald and Tracy is not obvious since, at least in its weaker version, bilingual bootstrapping need not exclude the possibility of autonomous development. On the one hand, it is not entirely clear whether the temporary pooling of resources postulated by Gawlitzek-Maiwald and Tracy (1996) qualifies as systemic influence as defined by Paradis and Genesee (1996). In other words, clarification is needed as to whether this type of interdependence is supposed to lead to grammatical fusion after all, or whether the child is said to make use of knowledge from   Jürgen M.

I should hasten to add that at least one aspect of the work just discussed offers a promising perspective for further research. Remember that several of the studies mentioned above allude to variability of developmental pace in order to account for the alleged interdependent development of grammars. But whereas for Paradis and Genesee (1996) delay and acceleration are possible manifestations of interdependence, others view this as the cause of crosslinguistic influence. Schlyter (1993), for example, defines language dominance in terms of variability in the pace of acquisition and argues that the weaker and thus more slowly developing language is susceptible to influences from the dominant one.

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