By Lewis Herman
This general textual content, now in paperback for the 1st time-- the significant other quantity to Foreign Dialects-- American Dialects deals consultant dialects of each significant element of the USA. In every one case, a common description and historical past of the dialect is given, via an research of vowel and consonant peculiarities, of its person lilt and rhythm, and of its grammar diversifications. There also are lists of the idioms and idiomatic expressions that distinguish every one dialect and workouts utilizing them. American Dialects additionally comprises musical inflection charts and diagrams exhibiting the situation of lips, tongue, and breath.
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Extra resources for American Dialects: A Manual for Actors, Directors, and Writers
The participle ending ("ing"), which, in General-American, is often unstressed, or "UHn" should receive slightly more stress in the New England dialect, where it is commonly pronounced as "in" as in "diOOin" (doing), "pAHintin" (pointing), and "kAAtin" (carting). DROPPED SYLLABLES One of the most important elements in the New England dialect is the dropping of unstressed vowel sounds and syllables. It has made for such pronunciations as "kAlAYt" (calculate), "fAHinli" (finally), and "sEHp" (except).
As in "make:' "break:' "they:' etc. In the New England dialect, this long "a" may be almost a pure ''AY'' sound, rather than the ''AY-EE'' of General-American. When unstressed, it often becomes "EH:' ''AY'~ DRILL WORDS mAYk brAYk THAY (make) (break) (they) stAYt (state) prAY (pray) shAYk (shake) lAYt frAYd hAYt (late) (afraid) (hate) HISTORICAL VARIATION: Historical characters or modern characters in rural or coastal Maine may use the variant "EH" as in "rEHdiOH" (radio) and "mEHbi" (maybe). EXCEPTIONS: Many people in rural areas who have adopted the sound of ''AY'' continue to use "EH" for the common words "nEHkid" (naked) and "snEHk" (snake).
CONSONANT CHANGES (Only the important consonant changes have been listed) D-Final "d" is almost always dropped after "n" as in "lAn" (land). Rural speech features a change from final "d" to "t" after "1" or "n;' as in "hOHlt" (hold) or "spint" (spend). When "d" is followed by the sound of long "u" (00), it may change to "j," as in "jOOti" (duty) or "rijOOs" (reduce). " F-Medial "f" is often dropped from the word "AHtUH" (after) and from its compounds''AHtUHniOOn'' (afternoon),''AHtUHwU:dz'' (afterwards) ,andsoon.