By Matthew Jones
Through emphasising the position of nuclear concerns, After Hiroshima presents a brand new background of yankee coverage in Asia among the losing of the atomic bombs on Japan and the escalation of the Vietnam conflict. Drawing on a variety of documentary proof, Matthew Jones charts the advance of yank nuclear procedure and the international coverage difficulties it raised, because the usa either faced China and tried to win the friendship of an Asia rising from colonial domination. In underlining American perceptions that Asian peoples observed the prospective repeat use of nuclear guns as a manifestation of Western attitudes of 'white superiority', he bargains new insights into the hyperlinks among racial sensitivities and the behavior folks coverage, and a clean interpretation of the transition in American procedure from gigantic retaliation to versatile reaction within the period spanned by means of the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
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Additional info for After Hiroshima: The United States, Race, and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965
V. A. Roling and C. F. ), The Tokyo Judgement: The International Military Tribunal for the Far East, 29 April 1946–12 November 1948, Vol. II (Amsterdam, 1977), 982; see also Dower, War without Mercy, 37–8. 57 Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart, the head of the Foreign Ofﬁce’s Political Intelligence Department, was even more explicit: The fact that the atomic bomb was used for the ﬁrst time against an Asiatic race so soon after the conclusion of the war in Europe may raise the notion in Asiatic minds that the British and Americans, as Europeans, may well have hesitated to use so devastating a weapon against fellow Europeans while not being averse to employing it against Asiatics when it seemed possible to achieve a quick decision thereby.
Hiroshima, 116–18; Glenn D. Hook, ‘Roots of Nuclearism: Censorship and Reportage of Atomic Damage in Hiroshima and Nagasaki’, Multilingua, 7, 1/2, 1988, 133–58; and in general Braw, Atomic Bomb Suppressed. , 89–90. Dower, Embracing Defeat, 196–8. , 414–15. See Richard H. Minear, Victor’s Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial (Princeton, 1971), 33, n. 29; and Takemae, Allied Occupation of Japan, 250. 114 As John Dower has highlighted, the particular horror of nuclear attack tended to be absorbed by most Japanese commentary into a revulsion against the cruelty of war in general.
Not just another bomb. ’82 The formation of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in January 1947, following the passage of the Atomic Energy Act the previous August, with its ﬁve civilian commissioners appointed by the President, was a further sign that nuclear weapons held a special status in the eyes of both the White House and powerful sections of Congress, where oversight of the legislation was provided by the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy. However, the principle of civilian control of the American nuclear stockpile represented by the work of the AEC was not without its critics.