By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured know-how is a almost certainly very important method for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the state of affairs of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming group, this is applicable much more. The study documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and strength advantages of making use of the tissue-cultured expertise between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, significant Kenya, utilizing a livelihood strategy. the consequences convey that adoption of the expertise and its endured use differs in line with the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, particularly a water tank, inhibits adoption, regardless of HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed through aged women dominate one of the terrible families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, not directly with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The examine additionally indicates that livelihood judgements and methods of farming families are encouraged by way of land tenure prestige (having name deeds or now not) and labour constraints on the family point. The latter come up by reason of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
On-farm diversification involves production of more than one crop, or production of different varieties of the same crop. Off-farm activities mostly include informal employment in agricultural activities in the local area or outside the area. Non- Adoption of agricultural innovations by smallholder farmers 35 Chapter 2 agricultural activities on the other hand are defined here as any work that does not directly involve plant or animal production. They include participation in trade, service provisioning, craftwork, or transfer payment in the form of state pension.
Gender differences also occur with respect to access to financial capital in form of credit since women are unable to provide the collateral that is required for a loan. Group lending approaches that mainly target women has redressed this. However, gender relations may sabotage these lending schemes where the men utilise their wives loans for their own projects and the women just become guarantors (Ali, 2005). Control of income Introduction of new technology can change income distribution within households.
Some of these assets play a complementary role in subsistence farming. For example, where a household keeps one or two cows under zero-grazing, a few chicken and goats, these provide farmyard manure that is used to improve soil fertility in case the household cannot afford fertilisers. The animals are in turn fed on the stalks and pseudostems (in the case of banana) produced from the farm. Thus, the sale of such assets besides reducing the household’s food security also negatively affects soil fertility.