By Pius Tamanji
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Extra resources for A Sketch Grammar of the Bafut Language
B. c. d. e. %+d$ µWRDGV¶ µVPDOOEHGV¶ µVPDOOFDQHV¶ µVWDUV¶ µIUXLWV¶ f. g. h. i. 2. Minor genders Minor genders consist of much fewer words than the major genders above. They are probably of closed classes. (vii) Gender 3b/10 (assorted nouns) (29) a. b. c. d. e. /y1$ (viii) Gender 7/6 (assorted nouns) (30) a. b. c. d. e. &dd$ µIRRWIHHW¶ µMREV¶ µNQHHV¶ µHQHUJ\¶ µRDWKWHVWDPHQWV¶ (ix) Gender 7/10 (assorted nouns) (31) a. b. (`` µWKLQJV¶ µVSLGHUV¶ 31 c. 3. Single class genders Nouns that are always either in the singular only or in the plural only are found in all classes in Bafut.
The prefix NThe class 9 +- prefix can be used to derive nouns which could indicate instrument, result, abstract idea, or experiencer of an action. On the other hand, the cl 1 +- prefix is used to derive nouns that refer to the agent or theme of the action expressed by the verb. Nouns derived with the class 1 prefix generally refer to persons/professions. In (7) below, the examples from (a - e) illustrate derivations with the class 9 prefix while those in (f ± i) illustrate derivations with the class 1 prefix.
Following the table is an illustration of the use of these pronouns in sentences. " 2 #i i" 3 5 $i 6 %i 7 & 8 '<Í 9 (Ï 10 '<Í 19 )i (2) a. 5," it fall 9-ground P2 on ³,WIHOORQWKHJURXQG´ b. 5," they P2 fall+Ext. on 9-ground ³7KH\IHOOVHYHUDOO\RQWKHJURXQG´ c. 5," it P2 fall ground on ³,WIHOORQWKHJURXQG´ d. 5," they P2 fall+Ext. on 9-ground ³7KH\IHOOVHYHUDOO\RQWKHJURXQG´ ,QWKHH[DPSOHVLQEDQGGWKHYHUE³IDOO´LVLQIOHFWHGWRLQGLFDWHWKDWWKHHYHQWDFWLRQRI falling affected several subjects at the same time.