By Abbott Payson Usher
"The publication is with out peer in its field." — American Scientist
In this thoroughly revised and enlarged version of a vintage paintings within the background of know-how, a famous pupil explores the significance of technological innovation within the cultural and monetary heritage of the West.
Following an introductory dialogue of where of know-how in financial background, the writer deals a penetrating ancient research of social switch. inside this context he develops a thought of invention according to Gestalt psychology and an idea of social evolution as non-stop improvement from antiquity to the current. Emphasis is put on the position of monetary forces within the improvement of know-how, with medical thoughts additionally enjoying a big position in bringing approximately change.
The latter a part of the publication makes a speciality of the construction and regulate of strength often, and particularly on a couple of vital operative mechanisms. therefore we learn thought-provoking bills of the know-how of cloth manufacture from primitive occasions, of water wheels and windmills, water clocks, and mechanical clocks, and the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci. the advance of printing is thoroughly studied, not just for its intrinsic curiosity, yet due to its significance for the historical past of technology. different issues comprise the creation and alertness of energy (1500–1830), computing device instruments and volume construction, the construction and distribution of strength due to the fact that 1832, and the position of Asia Minor as a resource of ideas which ruled the center a long time and the fashionable interval as well.
Thoroughly researched and cogently reasoned, A background of Mechanical Inventions belongs within the library of an individual drawn to the historical past of technology and invention, in addition to the connection of know-how to financial and social history.
"Throughout the booklet there's consistent evidence of the author's vast studying and sundry highbrow interests." — The manhattan Times
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Additional info for A History of Mechanical Inventions
Broadly conceived, technology is an important part of the central core in the evolutionary process. It is an essential aspect of the accumulation of knowledge and the development of skills. It does not exhaust the field of the development of the mind, but it is a characteristic segment of the whole. If we may presume that some common principle underlies all our mental activity, technology, and most particularly the mechanical field, may possess a peculiar importance. The processes of innovation can be studied more conveniently in the mechanical field than in most of the conceptual fields, because mechanical apparatus can be traced more accurately and more completely than religious, ethical, and philosophic concepts.
Rickman, +; Griffith, ▲; Lehfeldt, O; Census, ●. As the upper asymptote is approached, the limits of resources become progressively explicit, but since it is unsound to extrapolate, we should never presume that the future is rigidly determinate. Basic changes may occur at any time which will affect the primary functions underlying growth. In extreme cases the growth function may assume a negative value. The best illustration of such an event is the history of population in Ireland after the onset of the potato blight in 1846.
New titles have, thus, been added in the field of the history of science though the chapter has been left largely in its original form. The summary of Duhem’s positions is likely to be superior to any short statement in which revisions of details are attempted. The treatment of Aristotle’s Mechanics presents a number of difficult special problems which cannot be discussed competently except by an expert. If space were available, the concept of “unconscious” mental activity would require extended critical discussion.