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By D. M. Bose, S.N. Sen, B. V. Subbarayappa

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Embedded in this concept of mahiibhiitiini is the idea of five elements whose gradual evolution from water as the only primordial element into earth, water, fire, wind and ether as the five lnahlibhaftini is traceable in the Upani$ads. The Upani$ads tacitly assume that, like the macrocosm, the microcosm represented by the human body is also constituted of the five elements. Some physiological concepts applicable to man, animals and plants as also some elementary principles of classification are met with.

S. Wintemitz, TI, p. 235. 24 A CONCISE HISTORY OF SCIENCE IN INDIA elucidating the satras, sometimes in the form of a dialogue between the teacher and the student. In this style, often the opposite views are first brought in, their insufficiencies explained and the true solutions given at the end. The service rendered to the development of this form of writing by the great bhti$yakiiras like Pataiijali, Vatsyayana and Satikara, to mention a few, need hardly be overestimated. If the sutras necessitated the bha$yas, they also no doubt paved the way for the development of the sloka form of composition adopted in the Dharmasastras, medical texts, mathematical and astronomical works, encyclopaedic treatises like the Brhatsarnhitii and in arts and sciences in general.

A SURVEY OF SOURCE MATERIALS 29 Oldenberg-admitted that at a certain point of time the Sa1]1khya did form the philosophical basis of the Buddhism. Garbe was convinced about the infiuence of the ~triyas on the development of the system in its primitive form, which later on veered to orthodoxy. a Keith and some other scholars, on the other hand, believe in the U pani~adic origin of the Sdqzkhya, the latterts conception of the three gu1)as deriving from the former's three elements: water, fire and earth.

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